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The analysis is restricted to organisations for which financial information is available. Because of this, we were mostly able to analyse Singapore-based charities, who are required to publish their audited financial statements.


Clear Cambodia is a local Christian NGO that implements water and sanitation projects in partnership with local government offices of rural districts in outlying provinces. 


Revenue US$

2018

2017

2016

2015

1

Grant income

2,239,438

1,948,249

1,734,466

1,774,449

2

Contributions by beneficiaries

130,800

192,864

182,946

217,074

3

Earned income (sale of filters, wells, latrines, sand, management fees and other income)

145,622

132,778

71,855

36,616

4

Other income

81,932

11,450

17,346

2,436


Total

2,597,792

2,285,341

2,006,613

2,030,575

Clear Cambodia’s main source of funding is from Charity: Water. $79,176 of "Other Income" was raised by a new agreement that Clear Cambodia started in 2018, that also allowed for them to receive greater grants. Donors appears to be listed under "Grant Income" and only comprises under 10% of the total section. There have been no reports since 2018.

Lien AID is a Singapore-based nonprofit organisation which helps the rural poor in Asia gain access to clean water and sanitation. It is the organisation in Singapore that is most similar to WISE.


Revenue S$

2016

2015

2014

1

Funding income

4,427,373

4,478,549

3,580,762

(a) Lien Foundation

3,000,000

3,000,000

3,000,000

(b) Other donors

427,373

478,549

580,762

2

Government grants

6,420

1,583

8,315

3

Interest income

41,470

128

37

4

Miscellaneous income

12,824

21,537

25,836

5

Gain on disposal of plant and equipment and on exchange differences

15,517

3,766

3,478


Total

3,503,604

3,505,563

3,618,428

Lien AID is extremely reliant on the Lien Foundation (LF). Approximately 85% of their annual revenue comes from LF’s unrestricted funding. (In 2017, Lien AID raised S$260,019 of funds that were not from LF, about 40% less than previous years. In 2018, that number decreased to $75,741)

Mercy Relief was established in 2003 to respond to human tragedies and disasters in Asia Pacific.

Revenue S$

2020




2019


2018


2017


2016

2015

UnrestrictedTotalUnrestrictedTotalUnrestrictedTotal

Unrestricted

Total

Unrestricted

Total

Unrestricted

Total

1

Donations

676,3281,102,828487,3751,238,155453,6721,960,040

419,633

1,532,876

505,553

1,678,745

1,104,211

2,685,430

2





Grants

327,856327,856104,000104,000203,668

176,214

188,246

125,000

125,000

50,000

50,000

(a) Tote Board

--100,000100,000100,000100,000

50,000

50,000

50,000

50,000

50,000

50,000

(b) Economic Development Board

----103,668182,879

121,332

121,332

75,000

75,000

-

-

(c) SIIA - Scoping study grant

------

-

12,032

-

-

-

-

(d) NCSS - VCF ICT grant

3,0003,000----

4,882

4,882

-

-

-

-

(e) Innovation and productivity grant--40004000-------
(f) Bicentennial Community Fund324,856324,856---------

3

Fundraising events

----42,16242,162

46,874

46,874

69,363

69,363

37,090

221,985

4Contributions from local/foreign partners---10,000-90,000------

5

MOVE facilitation fees

----2,4002,400

4,600

4,600

8,923

8,923

56,211

56,211

6

Other income

133,949133,94983,92383,92332,99832,998

15,362

15,362

22,391

22,391

13,079

13,510


Total

1,138,1331,564,633675,2981,481,078734,9002,410,469

662,683

1,787,958

731,230

1,846,781

1,260,591

3,027,136

Mercy Relief relies heavily on donations, with 85% to 90% of their revenue being from donations. Their website has a ‘donate’ page and they also have a page on Giving.sg. This year, Mercy Relief is running a crowdfunding campaign for their 15th Year Anniversary Impact Fund. As of 1 February 2019, the campaign has raised S$20,645 from 84 donors (average of S$246 per person). The organisation also has donation boxes in SingPost. However, it is unclear which of these are the main channels by which the organisation obtained their revenue, and whether they have corporate sponsors. In addition, the amount they have raised since 2015 has decreased by about 50%.

Approximately 75% of Mercy Relief’s funds are restricted, because it fundraises in response to disasters. 

Operation Hope Foundation (OHF) is a charity set up in 2001 which runs five programmes - OHF Child, OHF Skills, OHF Community, OHF Volunteer and OHF Solutions - in developing countries. From 2015 to 2017, OHF received S$3,202,317 (which decreased from S$1,358,590 in 2015 to S$833,113 in 2017) of donations, although the source of donations (e.g. individuals, companies) is unclear. 

The website has a donation web page but it is not known whether this is a significant source of donations

The Singapore International Foundation (SIF) is a nonprofit organisation established on 1 August 1991 with the mission to bring world communities together to do good.


Revenue S$

20202019

2018

2017

2016

1




Grant income

10,343,61210,404,945

10,653,546

11,659,805

Not available

(a) Government of Singapore

--

10,090,889

10,953,372

Not available

(b) Grants from others from other projects

--

451,015

549,242

Not available

(c) Amortisation of deferred capital grants

--

111,643

157,191

Not available

2

Finance income

(-216,875)*255,313

1,512,623

1,449,698

1,652,840

3Value in kind income1,029,738656,948---

4

Other income

67,898104,098

60,095

170,374

26,274


Total

11,441,24811,165,991

12,226,264

13,279,374

15,495,534

*not counted in the total revenue

SIF is highly reliant on the Government of Singapore for funding. Besides receiving significant government grants each year (approximately 80%), the Government of Singapore provided a grant of S$10,000,000 in 1992 in order to set up an endowment fund to generate finance income (which was expanded by subsequent donations of S$6,667,547). This is possible because SIF  is closely linked to the government, with the their patron being the President of Singapore.

Their donors include AP ventures, Deutsche Bank, Keppel Land, Metro, Ngee Ann Development Pte Ltd, SAP, Singapore Airlines, Singapore Red Cross, South West Community Development Council, Temasek Foundation and UBS. Donors are recognised in their ‘Partners and Friends’ section of the website.

The World Toilet Organization (WTO) is a global non-profit organisation based in Singapore committed to improving toilet and sanitation conditions worldwide by empowering individuals through education, training and building local marketplace opportunities to advocate for clean and safe sanitation facilities in their communities. It was founded in 2001.


Revenue S$

202020192018

2017

2016

2015

1

Sales

---

1,480

100

-

2






Donations

36,33867,30338,795

54,328

190,711

212,539

(a) Individual

7,2146,80112,511

16,532

110,475

130,759

(b) Corporate

4,22217,1066,967

19,248

63,471

61,851

(c) Foundation

4,7123,6704,243

6,430

12,546

16,736

(d) Online

12,7617,94412,636

4,621

4,219

3,193

(e) In kind and service

7,42931,7822,438

7,497

-

-

3

Crowdfunding

---

12,097

23,943

22,340

4

Sponsorships

-14,700289,800

91,100

-

-

5

Grants

--34,632

41,130

40,902

-

6

Consultancy

38,5005,960-

48,820

-

-

7







Events

2,526136,73125,406153,118

(a) World Toilet Summit India

-66,250-

72,970

99,600

-

(b) World Toilet Day

---

6,675

1,1778

-

(c) World Toilet Forum

---

26,800

-

-

(d) Charity run - Urgent run

-3,717-

20,647

28,480

31,558

(e) Appearance and attendance fees, and speaking engagements

2,52624,78517,035

26,026

13,535

12,953

(f) Activities revenue

--8,371

-

477

-

(g) World Toilet College-41,979----

8

Membership management

4,359391637

717

74,573

800

9

Project expense recovery

56,425104,349169,813

184,402

229,646

34,372

10

Training program

21,180-30,776

30,030

22,875

-


Total

159,328329,434591,674

617,222

732,585

314,562

WTO’s sources of revenue are diverse and has evolved through the years, although it is unclear whether this is by intention or circumstance. Total revenue has decreased rapidly over the years, with sources such as sponsorship and grants decreasing to zero, and activities stopping in 2020(presumably to covid) further reduced the revenue. Although there are many factors that could have contributed to their decrease in popularity, the largest one may be covid, and it is yet to be seen if this trend is a continuation of before or due to covid-19.

The organisation crowdfunds through Give.Asia, which has a general donation section and targeted fundraising campaigns. There appears to be donations approximately monthly. 

WTO also has a ‘Partners and Friends’ section on the website recognising the contributions of Ashoka, Asosiasi Toilet Indonesia, ACRA, The Asian Venture Philanthropy Network (AVPN), Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, BRAC, Cinelan LLC, eKutir, End Water Poverty, Google Singapore, Hewlett-Packard, Lien Aid, Leo Burnett, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Singapore), Ministry of Environment and Water Resources (Singapore), National Environment Agency, PHLUSH, Public Utilities Board, Restroom Association of Singapore, Rockefeller Foundation, Saatchi & Saatchi Singapore, Sanergy, Smokey Tours, STARS Foundation, Sulabh International, Sustainable Sanitation Alliance, The People’s Own Organic Power (POOP) Project, Toilet Hackers, UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation’s (UNSGAB), USAID, WASH Advocates, WASH United, Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and Water.org. It is not stated what these contributions are.

TOUCH International (TI) is a non-profit organisation dedicated to facilitating the delivery of crisis relief and community development services to communities outside of Singapore through Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Response, Community Transformation and International Volunteerism.


Revenue S$

2017

2016

2015

1

Donations

505,044

513,054

409,118

2

Programme and project income

7,664

8,853

9,384

3

Miscellaneous income

92

4,279

775


Total

512,800

526,186

419,277

Almost all of TI’s revenue comes from donations, but there is no information the nature of the donations (corporate, individual, etc.). TI uses Give.Asia to collect donations.

World Vision International (WVI) is incorporated in the USA and registered as a foreign company in Singapore. As a segment of WVI and not a separately incorporated legal entity, the financial statements reflect the activities of:

  • The support office which provides administrative support for activities in Singapore, and;
  • The regional office which implements the strategy across ten countries in South Asia and the Pacific.


Revenue S$


Support office

South Asia and the Pacific office

2017

2016

2016

2017

2016

2016

1

Funds from WVI

-

-

-

6,881,139

6,669,037

7,267,741

2

Donations

18,503,634

16,580,843

17,579,960

-

-

-

3



Grants

25,000

38,669

-

119,907

-

-

(a) Economic Development Board

-

-

-

119,907

-

40,000

(b) National Youth Council

25,000

38,669

25,000

-

-

-

4

Interest income

52,202

40,816

31,933

329

613

14

5

Employment and wage credit schemes

54,739

84,799

48,884

3,557

8,432

6,332

6

Other income

-

9,350

10,978

136,907

210,493

220,224

The vast majority of WVI (Singapore)’s funds are from donations, although it is unclear whether these donations are from corporate sponsors, individuals or others. Between 68% and 78% of these donations come from child sponsorship, which is the first of many “ways to give” listed WVI (Singapore)’s website.



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